Title:Redox-dependent change of nucleotide affinity to the active site of the mammalian complex I.
Authors:Grivennikova VG; Kotlyar AB; Karliner JS; Cecchini G; Vinogradov AD
Publication:Biochemistry. 2007 Sep 25;46(38):10971-8. doi: 10.1021/bi7009822. Epub 2007 Aug 31.
A very potent and specific inhibitor of mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I), a derivative of NADH (NADH-OH) has recently been discovered (Kotlyar, A. B., Karliner, J. S., and Cecchini, G. (2005) FEBS Lett. 579, 4861-4866). Here we present a quantitative analysis of the interaction of NADH-OH and other nucleotides with oxidized and reduced complex I in tightly coupled submitochondrial particles. Both the rate of the NADH-OH binding and its affinity to complex I are strongly decreased in the presence of succinate. The effect of succinate is completely reversed by rotenone, antimycin A, and uncoupler. The relative affinity of ADP-ribose, a competitive inhibitor of NADH oxidation, is also shown to be significantly affected by enzyme reduction (KD of 30 and 500 microM for oxidized and the succinate-reduced enzyme, respectively). Binding of NADH-OH is shown to abolish the succinate-supported superoxide generation by complex I. Gradual inhibition of the rotenone-sensitive uncoupled NADH oxidase and the reverse electron transfer activities by NADH-OH yield the same final titration point (approximately 0.1 nmol/mg of protein). The titration of NADH oxidase appears as a straight line, whereas the titration of the reverse reaction appears as a convex curve. Possible models to explain the different titration patterns for the forward and reverse reactions are briefly discussed.